Canada Permanent Residents who do not become citizens are not entitled to the same rights and privileges as citizens. Penalties for committing a crime in Canada for citizens are different from permanent residents and temporary residents - including permanent deportation from Canada.
A recent legal case involving a permanent resident convicted of robbing a bank demonstrates the high risk of deportation for Canada residents who do not become citizens. On appeal, the court reduced her original sentence of 18 months to 6 months so she would not be deported to her home country of Morocco because the court was "entitled to take into account the severe collateral immigration consequence that would result from a sentence over six months."
Immigration Lawyer Evelyn Ackah emphasizes that Canadian residents are not entitled to the same rights and privileges as Canadian citizens:
Becoming a citizen of Canada is a privilege that you must apply and qualify for. Canada is a wonderful country that offers a high quality of life and good educational and economic opportunities. Many people want to live in Canada and become permanent or temporary residents, which offers many benefits but not the same rights and privileges as a naturalized citizen.
Canada Permanent Resident
Before you can become a Canadian citizen, you first have to be a Canadian Permanent Resident. Permanent residents in Canada are not Canadian citizens but they have been granted permission to live and work in Canada without any limit on the length of their stay.
Permanent Residents have rights including:
Canadian permanent residents cannot:
Permanent Residents must renew their PR card every 5 years. Learn more about how to become a Canada permanent resident here.
There are no legal differences between naturalized citizens and citizens born in Canada. Once you are a naturalized Canadian citizen you can:
There are eligibility criteria to become a Canadian citizen, and you must take a citizenship test. Learn more about how to become a Canada citizen here.
Evelyn Ackah is a US and Canada immigration law expert and founder and managing lawyer at Ackah Business Immigration Law. Business immigration law focuses on helping people move into new opportunities — both personally and professionally. Ackah Immigration Law helps you to navigate the complex maze of rules and regulations involved with Canadian, U.S. and international immigration law with confidence. Headquartered in Calgary and with offices in Vancouver and Toronto, Ackah Business Immigration Law provides legal immigration advice for those looking to move for work, education or personal reasons.
We provide expertise in all areas of immigration law ranging from corporate immigration to personal and family immigration matters. We provide comprehensive immigration services to clients around the world representing corporations, institutions, not for profit organizations and individual clients. As your immigration lawyers and paralegals, we provide you with timely and strategic advice relating to the constantly changing immigration laws and regulations.
Calgary: (403) 452‑9515 Vancouver: (604) 985‑9512 Toronto: (416) 643‑7177
North America: 1 (800) 932-1190