x
(587) 705-0764
Ackah Business Immigration Law – Personal and Corporate Immigration
Contact us

Contact Information

1 (403) 452-9515

1 (800) 932-1190

Book a Free Consult

More Options...

Caution: Why Canada Permanent Residents Should Become Citizens

Blog posted on by Evelyn Ackah in Canada Work Permits and Citizenship

Caution: Why Canada Permanent Residents Should Become Citizens

Canada Permanent Residents who do not become citizens are not entitled to the same rights and privileges as citizens. Penalties for committing a crime in Canada for citizens are different from permanent residents and temporary residents - including permanent deportation from Canada.

A recent legal case involving a permanent resident convicted of robbing a bank demonstrates the high risk of deportation for Canada residents who do not become citizens. On appeal, the court reduced her original sentence of 18 months to 6 months so she would not be deported to her home country of Morocco because the court was "entitled to take into account the severe collateral immigration consequence that would result from a sentence over six months."

Immigration Lawyer Evelyn Ackah emphasizes that Canadian residents are not entitled to the same rights and privileges as Canadian citizens:

Becoming a citizen of Canada is a privilege that you must apply and qualify for. Canada is a wonderful country that offers a high quality of life and good educational and economic opportunities. Many people want to live in Canada and become permanent or temporary residents, which offers many benefits but not the same rights and privileges as a naturalized citizen.

Differences Between a Canada Permanent Resident and Citizen

Canada Permanent Resident
Before you can become a Canadian citizen, you first have to be a Canadian Permanent Resident. Permanent residents in Canada are not Canadian citizens but they have been granted permission to live and work in Canada without any limit on the length of their stay.

Permanent Residents have rights including:

  • Rights to the same social benefits as any Canadian citizen, including healthcare coverage.
  • The right to live, work, study anywhere in Canada.
  • Protection under Canadian law and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
  • The right to apply for Canadian citizenship.
  • The right to live outside of Canada if they have lived in Canada for at least two years in a five-year period. If you live outside of Canada for longer, you may lose your status.

Canadian permanent residents cannot:

  • Vote
  • Run for federal office
  • Hold jobs that require a high-level security clearance
  • Get a Canadian passport

Permanent Residents must renew their PR card every 5 years. Learn more about how to become a Canada permanent resident here.

Canada Citizen
There are no legal differences between naturalized citizens and citizens born in Canada. Once you are a naturalized Canadian citizen you can:

  • Apply for a Canadian passport.
  • Participate in Canadian politics including voting and running for office.

There are eligibility criteria to become a Canadian citizen, and you must take a citizenship test. Learn more about how to become a Canada citizen here.


Evelyn L. Ackah, BA, LL.B.

Founder/Managing Lawyer

Ms. Ackah is passionate about immigration law because it focuses on people and relationships, which are at the core of her personal values. Starting her legal career as a corporate/commercial ...

More About Evelyn L. Ackah, BA, LL.B.

Canadian Citizenship: A Shield Against Deportation

While permanent residency in Canada offers many benefits, it doesn't guarantee the same level of security as citizenship. One crucial difference lies in deportation risks. Permanent ...

Read More

Canada's Temporary Residents Grew 46%: Do You Want To Move To Canada?

Canada is experiencing the highest population growth since 1957, driven mostly by immigration, according to Statistics Canada. International migration accounted for 94.5% of ...

Read More

How CUSMA Can Help Americans Work in Canada

CUSMA facilitates cross-border labour mobility for Americans to work in Canada by streamlining regulations, removing barriers that previously hindered the process and expediting ...

Read More

What Is Intra-Company Transfer To Canada?

Canada is a popular destination for skilled professionals from all over the world. One way to move to Canada is through an intra-company transfer (ICT) visa. This visa allows employees ...

Read More

Canada Launches Open Work Permit For H-1B Visa Holders

Canada Announced 6 New Tech Immigration Initiatives To Attract Global Tech Talent Starting July 16, 2023, the Canadian government will introduce a new immigration stream to allow ...

Read More

Canada Foreign Workers Don't Need Study Permits

Effective immediately, foreign workers in Canada with a valid work permit no longer need study permits to get additional training and education. The Canadian government has introduced ...

Read More

Evelyn and her team have been strong partners to Fircroft Canada and our clients. Her consultative approach is always professional and informative. We appreciate that she takes the time to help us understand the various regulations of the immigration process.

– Laura Hole, Account Coordinator, Fircroft Group

View All Testimonials